Axial impact of opensection twcf columns - experimental study


  • Maria Kotelko
  • Artur Moldawa
  • Marcin Jankowski


thin-walled columns, open sections, impact, experiment


The paper is devoted to the results of experimental study into the crushing behaviour of TWCF open section columns subjected to axial impact. Steel channel and top-hat section was under investigation. The paper contains a results summary of quasi-dynamic and dynamic impact tests performed on about 100 of those sections of different dimensions subjected to axial load of different velocities. Experimental quasi-dynamic tests were conducted on the testing machine with different loading velocities up to 600 mm/min. The impact tests were performed on the drop hammer rig with the impact energy up to 5 kJ and impact velocity up to 10 m/s. An influence of the column initial length and impact velocity on the crushing behaviour (failure mode) was investigated. Particularly, the critical length of the transition from progressive buckling to global bending failure mode and its dependence on section dimensions and the impact velocity was under investigation. Experimental results were compared with the results of the analytical calculations of critical (transition) buckling length based on the simplified analytical theoretical models. The results are presented in load-time and load-shortening diagrams and failure patterns. Some conclusions concerning the determination of critical buckling length, applicability of the theoretical models applied and an influence of the impact velocity upon the critical buckling length and final mode of failure related to the energy absorption capability of columns are derived.


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