Evolution as Physics
Keywords:constructal, evolution, hierarchy, wealth, life, death, physics, economics
Thermodynamics today is the physics domain in which three previously selfstanding lines of thinking merged to cover the broadest range of natural phenomena to date. The three lines were work-heat-design, or mechanics-caloric-evolution. Covered now as ‘physics’ are the previously separate domains of biology, technology, economics, and social organization. The purpose of this brief article is to outline this broad coverage by drawing attention to the new terms, physical properties, and concepts that have crept into physics, for example: freedom, evolution, performance, objective, purpose, better, design, configuration, optimization, complexity, diversity, hierarchy, size, wealth, equality, and economies of scale. Along the way, I clarify some of the most common misconceptions that persist in this expanded domain of physics In sum, this is a brief look at the evolution of thermodynamics and how the traditional concept of ‘evolution’ itself fits in this new scientific framework.
BEJAN, A., The Physics of Life: The Evolution of Everything, St. Martin’s Press, New York, 2016.
BEJAN, A., Advanced Engineering Thermodynamics, 4th ed., Wiley, Hoboken, 2016.
BEJAN, A., Street network theory of organization in nature, J. Adv. Transportation, 30, 2, pp. 85?107, 1966.
BEJAN, A., Constructal-theory network of conductive paths for cooling a heat generating volume, Int. J. Heat Mass Transfer, 40, 4, pp. 799?816, 1997.
BEJAN, A., Advanced Engineering Thermodynamics, 2nd ed., Wiley, New York, 1997.
BEJAN, A., Shape and Structure, from Engineering to Nature, Cambridge University Press, New York, 2000.
BEJAN, A., ZANE, J.P., Design in Nature: How the Constructal Law Governs Evolution in Biology, Physics, Technology and Social Organization, Doubleday, New York, 2012.
BEJAN, A., TSATSARONIS, G., MORAN, M., Thermal Design & Optimization, Wiley, New York, 1996.
BEJAN, A., Constructal law: optimization as design evolution, J. Heat Transfer, 137, p. 061003, 2015.
CHEN, R., WEN, C.Y., LORENTE, S., BEJAN, A., The evolution of helicopters, J. Appl. Phys., 120, p. 014901, 2016.
BEJAN, A., ALMERBATI, A., LORENTE, S., Economies of scale: the physics basis, J. Appl. Phys., 121, p. 044907, 2017.
BEJAN, A., ERRERA, M.R., Wealth inequality: the physics basis, J. Appl. Phys., 121, p. 124903, 2017.
BEJAN, A., WAGSTAFF, R.W., The physics origin of the hierarchy of bodies in space, J. Appl. Phys., 119, p. 094901, 2016.
BEJAN, A., CHARLES, J.D., LORENTE, S., The evolution of airplanes, J. Appl. Phys., 116, p. 044901, 2014.
BEJAN, A., Sustainability: the water and energy problem, and the natural design solution,
European Review, 23, pp. 481?488, 2015.
BEJAN, A., Evolution as physics: the human & machine species, European Review, 25, pp. 140?149, 2016.
BEJAN, A., Evolution in thermodynamics, Applied Physics Reviews, 4, p. 011305, 2017.
BEJAN, A., LORENTE, S., The constructal law and the evolution of flow systems with configuration, Int. J. Heat Mass Transfer, 47, pp. 3203?3214, 2004.
BEJAN, A., Maxwell’s demons everywhere: evolving design as the arrow of time, Scientific Reports, 4, p. 4017, 2014.
Copyright (c) 2020 The Romanian Journal of Technical Sciences. Applied Mechanics.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.